A Sidelobe Suppression Technique by Regenerating Null Signals in OFDM-Based Cognitive Radios

Tomoya TANDAI  Takahiro KOBAYASHI  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E92-B   No.12   pp.3653-3664
Publication Date: 2009/12/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E92.B.3653
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Dynamic Spectrum Access)
Category: Spectrum Sensing
Keyword: 
cognitive radio,  OFDM,  sidelobe suppression,  interference,  FFT,  null subcarrier,  

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Summary: 
In this paper, a sidelobe suppression technique for orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM)-based cognitive radios (CR) is proposed. In the OFDM-based CR systems, after the CR terminal executes spectrum sensing, it transmits a CR packet by activating the subcarriers in the frequency bands where no signals are detected (hereinafter, these subcarriers are called "active subcarrier") and by disabling (nulling) the subcarriers in the frequency bands where the signals are detected. In this situation, a problem arises in that the signals that leak from the active subcarriers to the null subcarriers may interfere with the primary systems. Therefore, this signal leakage has to be minimized. In many OFDM-based wireless communication systems, one packet or frame consists of multiple OFDM symbols and the discontinuity between the consecutive OFDM symbols causes the signal leakage to the null subcarriers. In the proposed method, signal leakage to the null subcarriers is suppressed by regenerating null subcarriers in the frequency-domain signal of the whole packet as follows. One CR packet consisting of multiple OFDM symbols having null subcarriers and guard interval (GI) is buffered and oversampled, and then the oversampled signal is Fourier transformed at once and consequently the frequency-domain signal of the packet is obtained. The null subcarriers in the frequency-domain signal are zeroed again, and then the signal is inverse Fourier transformed and transmitted. The proposed method significantly suppresses the signal leakage. The spectral power density, the peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR) and the packet error rate (PER) performances of the proposed method are evaluated by computer simulations and the effectiveness of the proposed method is shown.