Improvement of Mode Distribution in a Triangular Prism Reverberation Chamber by QRS Diffuser

Eugene RHEE  Joong-Geun RHEE  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E92-B   No.11   pp.3478-3483
Publication Date: 2009/11/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E92.B.3478
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Electromagnetic Compatibility(EMC)
reverberation chamber,  electromagnetic compatibility,  electromagnetic fields,  quadratic residue sequence,  

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This paper presents the field uniformity characteristics in a triangular prism reverberation chamber that can be substituted for an open area test site or an anechoic chamber to measure electromagnetic interference. To improve size problems of a stirrer that is an official unit to generate a uniform field in the reverberation chamber, we suggest a diffuser of Quadratic Residue Sequence method. To validate the substitution of a diffuser for a stirrer, a diffuser is designed for 1-3 GHz, and three types of equilateral triangular prism reverberation chambers are modeled. Afterwards, the field distributions in these three reverberation chambers are both simulated and tested. Using XFDTD 6.2 of finite difference time domain method, field deviations of each structure are simulated and compared to each other. An evaluation of field uniformity is done by cumulative probability distribution which is specified in the IEC 61000-4-21. The result shows that the field uniformity in the chamber is within 6 dB tolerance and also within 3 dB standard deviation, which means a diffuser can satisfy the requirement of international standards.