A Novel Phase Rotation Scheme on the Constellations for the E-UTRA Uplink ACK/NACK Signals

Seigo NAKAO  Tomohumi TAKATA  Daichi IMAMURA  Katsuhiko HIRAMATSU  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E92-B   No.11   pp.3459-3469
Publication Date: 2009/11/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E92.B.3459
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
phase rotation,  CDMA,  inter-code interference,  CS sequences,  E-UTRA,  uplink control channel,  

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Hybrid automatic repeat request (HARQ) is employed for the Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access (E-UTRA) downlink. The ACK/NACK signals from each user equipment (UE) are multiplexed by code division multiple access (CDMA) and transmitted via a physical uplink control channel (PUCCH). The ACK/NACK signals are code spread by the cyclic shift (CS) sequences made from zero auto-correlation (ZAC) sequences; however, the orthogonality of these sequences is not guaranteed depending on the propagation channels; moreover, the amount of inter-code interference (ICI) depends on the delay spread of the channel and the transmitting timing control error of each UE. In the conventional PUCCH structure, ICI between two ACK signals does not degrade their detection performance, whereas ICI between an ACK signal and a NACK signal degrades the detection performance. This causes a serious gap between the detection performances of ACK and NACK signals, because generally in a PUCCH, there are more ACK signals than NACK signals. In this paper, we propose a novel phase rotation scheme on the constellations of ACK/NACK signals that can resolve this issue, and the simulation evaluation results confirm the benefits of the proposed phase rotation scheme.