Throughput and Packet Delay Analysis of the Intermittent DCF for Overlay Access Networks

Athanassios V. ADAMIS  Konstantinos N. MALIATSOS  Philip CONSTANTINOU  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E92-B   No.11   pp.3448-3458
Publication Date: 2009/11/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E92.B.3448
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
DCF,  overlay access,  intermittent,  throughput,  packet delay,  

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Overlay Access Technology can compensate for the spectrum underutilization problem by exploiting Cognitive Radios capabilities. MAC design is an important aspect of Overlay Access research. In this paper we present the overlay access environment and the challenges it poses to MAC design. Then, we propose the use of a modified Distributed Coordination Function as the MAC protocol for distributed Overlay Access networks. The resulted Intermittent DCF performs with robustness in the demanding overlay access environment, which is characterized by frequent spectrum scan procedure interruptions and low achievable transmission rates. The most recent DCF Markov Chain Model is extended in order to include the overlay operation modifications. Our extension concerns the slot duration expectations calculation which, in the overlay environment, have not constant values but depend on overlay operation parameters. Using the analytical model we evaluate the performance of the DCF under the effect of certain overlay access parameters. The new analytical model predictions are validated with simulations, and are found to accurately capture many interesting features of the overlay operation. Our model can be used in feasibility studies of realistic overlay scenarios and in admission control algorithms of QoS enabled distributed overlay access networks that engage the Intermittent DCF.