Antenna Array Calibration Based on Frequency Selection in OFDMA/TDD Systems

Yoshitaka HARA  Yasuhiro YANO  Hiroshi KUBO  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E92-B   No.10   pp.3195-3205
Publication Date: 2009/10/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E92.B.3195
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
wireless communications,  OFDMA,  TDD,  calibration,  antenna arrays,  MIMO,  channel reciprocity,  

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This paper proposes a new antenna array calibration technique which uses frequency selection in orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA)/time division duplexing (TDD) systems. In the proposed method, subbands or frequencies of good channel conditions are initially selected for channel measurements. The relative calibration is performed at the selected subbands, which compensates for mismatch of analogue gains in multiple antennas using the measured uplink and downlink channel parameters. Furthermore, the calibration parameters are interpolated in the frequency domain for the whole bandwidth. The proposed calibration maintains accurate channel reciprocity for the whole bandwidth compared to the conventional calibration which does not use the frequency selection. The proposed calibration technique is effective in exploiting channel reciprocity at both base station and terminals with feasible amount of feedback and low-cost operation.