Performance Evaluation of Wireless Sensor Network Based on MIMO Relaying Channel Capacity

Kiyomichi ARAKI

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E92-B    No.10    pp.3166-3173
Publication Date: 2009/10/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1587/transcom.E92.B.3166
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Network
WSN,  MIMO relay network,  relay position,  AF,  DF,  spatial correlation,  

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In this paper, the performance of the Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) using fixed relay nodes and Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) technology was evaluated based on the correlated channel capacity of MIMO system and the number of sensor node served by the system. Moreover, the performance evaluation of the proposed algorithm, which is used to find the optimum distance to place the relay nodes from sink node, is done not only with AF relaying and spatial correlation effect, but also with Decode-and-Forward (DF) relaying scheme. The results show that the relay gain (a ratio between the maximum number of sensors satisfying the required channel capacity in 7-cell topology to the number of sensor nodes in sink cell) is affected strongly by the spatial correlation at high required channel capacity but little at low required channel capacity. The results also show that the relay gain can be improved remarkably by using the DF relaying scheme, and that the validity of the proposed algorithm holds for any relaying scheme, spatial correlation effect and different antenna size.