Viterbi-Type Inter-Carrier Interference Equalization for OFDM over Doubly Selective Channels

Shuichi OHNO  Kok Ann Donny TEO  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E92-A    No.8    pp.1905-1912
Publication Date: 2009/08/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E92.A.1905
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Signal Processing)
Category: Communications
OFDM,  Viterbi,  ICI,  

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Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) transmission is robust to frequency-selective channels but sensitive to time-selective channels. Time variations of channels generate inter-carrier interference (ICI), which degrades system performance. In this paper, we develop frequency-domain Viterbi-type algorithm to effectively suppress the ICI, by exploiting the property of ICI terms in OFDM symbols. Null subcarriers, which are embedded in OFDM symbols for the reduction of interferences from/to adjacent bands, are exploited to reduce the complexity of the algorithm. Then, an approximate BER expression of Viterbi-type equalizer is derived. Simulations are provided to show the Viterbi-type equalizer works well in time- and frequency-selective (doubly selective) channel with affordable complexity.