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EMI Reduction by Spread-Spectrum Clocking in Digitally-Controlled DC-DC Converters
Ibuki MORI Yoshihisa YAMADA Santhos A. WIBOWO Masashi KONO Haruo KOBAYASHI Yukihiro FUJIMURA Nobukazu TAKAI Toshio SUGIYAMA Isao FUKAI Norihisa ONISHI Ichiro TAKEDA Jun-ichi MATSUDA
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences
Publication Date: 2009/04/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Advanced Technologies Emerging Mainly from the 21st Workshop on Circuits and Systems in Karuizawa)
PWM control, spread-spectrum clock modulation, EMI, digitally-controlled DC-DC converter,
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This paper proposes spread-spectrum clock modulation algorithms for EMI reduction in digitally-controlled DC-DC converters. In switching regulators using PWM, switching noise and harmonic noise concentrated in a narrow spectrum around the switching frequency can cause severe EMI. Spread-spectrum clock modulation can be used to minimize EMI. In conventional switching regulators using analog control it is very difficult to realize complex spread-spectrum clocking, however this paper shows that it is relatively easy to implement spread-spectrum EMI-reduction using digital control. The proposed algorithm was verified using a power converter simulator (SCAT).