Multiresolutional Gaussian Mixture Model for Precise and Stable Foreground Segmentation in Transform Domain

Hiroaki TEZUKA

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E92-A    No.3    pp.772-778
Publication Date: 2009/03/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E92.A.772
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Latest Advances in Fundamental Theories of Signal Processing)
foreground segmentation,  Gaussian mixture model,  fine-to-coarse strategy,  Walsh transform,  variable block size,  

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This paper describes a multiresolutional Gaussian mixture model (GMM) for precise and stable foreground segmentation. A multiple block sizes GMM and a computationally efficient fine-to-coarse strategy, which are carried out in the Walsh transform (WT) domain, are newly introduced to the GMM scheme. By using a set of variable size block-based GMMs, a precise and stable processing is realized. Our fine-to-coarse strategy comes from the WT spectral nature, which drastically reduces the computational steps. In addition, the total computation amount of the proposed approach requires only less than 10% of the original pixel-based GMM approach. Experimental results show that our approach gives stable performance in many conditions, including dark foreground objects against light, global lighting changes, and scenery in heavy snow.