Reduction of Charge Injection and Current-Mismatch Errors of Charge Pump for Phase-Locked Loop

Masahiro YOSHIOKA  Nobuo FUJII  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E92-A   No.2   pp.381-388
Publication Date: 2009/02/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E92.A.381
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Analog Circuit Techniques and Related Topics)
Category: 
Keyword: 
charge pump,  charge injection,  current-mismatch,  spurious noise,  phase-locked loop,  

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Summary: 
This paper proposes a new charge pump to suppress spurious noise of phase-locked loops. The spurious noise is induced by charge injection generated from the parasitic capacitors associated with switches and the current-mismatch between the charging and discharging currents of the charge pump. A new charge pump is configured by adding an operational amplifier, a sample-and-hold circuit, and switches to a basic charge pump. During the idling time of the charge pump, the currents of the current sources are adjusted and the current-mismatch are reduced to 0.3%. Applying the proposed charge pump to a phase-locked loop, we can suppress the spurious noise by 18 dB compared with a PLL using a basic one.