Adaptive Sub-Sampling Based Reconfigurable SAD Tree Architecture for HDTV Application

Yiqing HUANG  Qin LIU  Satoshi GOTO  Takeshi IKENAGA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E92-A   No.11   pp.2819-2829
Publication Date: 2009/11/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E92.A.2819
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Smart Multimedia & Communication Systems)
Category: Video Coding
Keyword: 
reconfigurable architecture,  H.264/AVC,  SAD tree,  VLSI,  HDTV,  

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Summary: 
This paper presents a reconfigurable SAD Tree (RSADT) architecture based on adaptive sub-sampling algorithm for HDTV application. Firstly, to obtain the the feature of HDTV picture, pixel difference analysis is applied on each macroblock (MB). Three hardware friendly sub-sampling patterns are selected adaptively to release complexity of homogeneous MB and keep video quality for texture MB. Secondly, since two pipeline stages are inserted, the whole clock speed of RSADT structure is enhanced. Thirdly, to solve data reuse and hardware utilization problem of adaptive algorithm, the RSADT structure adopts pixel data organization in both memory and architecture level, which leads to full data reuse and hardware utilization. Additionally, a cross reuse structure is proposed to efficiently generate 16 pixel scaled configurable SAD (sum of absolute difference). Experimental results show that, our RSADT architecture can averagely save 61.71% processing cycles for integer motion estimation engine and accomplish twice or four times processing capability for homogeneous MBs. The maximum clock frequency of our design is 208 MHz under TSMC 0.18 µm technology in worst work conditions(1.62 V, 125C). Furthermore, the proposed algorithm and reconfigurable structure are favorable to power aware real-time encoding system.