Performance of Reed-Solomon Coded MC-DS-CDMA with Bi-orthogonal Modulation

Hirokazu TANAKA  Kyung Woon JANG  Shoichiro YAMASAKI  Miki HASEYAMA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E92-A   No.10   pp.2600-2608
Publication Date: 2009/10/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E92.A.2600
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Spread Spectrum Technologies and Applications
multi-carrier CDMA,  OFDM,  bi-orthogonal modulation,  Reed-Solomon code,  error correction code,  

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In this paper, an error correction scheme suitable for MC-DS-CDMA system with bi-orthogonal modulation is proposed. The input sequence of a bi-orthogonal modulator consists of n - 1 bit code selection bit sequence and 1 bit sign bit sequence. In order to apply an efficient error correction code, the following points should be considered; (1) if the code selection bits can be protected sufficiently, the sign bit error can also be reduced sufficiently, (2) since a code selection bit sequence consists of n - 1 bits, employing a symbol error correcting code is more effective for encoding code selection bits, (3) the complexity of the error correction encoder and decoder implementations should be minimum. Based on these conditions, we propose to employ Reed-Solomon (RS) code for encoding the code selection bits and no error correction code for the sign bit. Additionally, detection algorithm at the bi-orthogonal demodulator is modified for compensating degradations of the sign bit error rate performance. The performance in an Additive White Gaussian Noise (AWGN) channel is evaluated by both theoretical analysis and computer simulations. The performance evaluations by simulations on multi-path fading channels are also shown. It is shown that the proposed scheme has remarkable improvement.