Double Space Time Transmit Diversity OFDM System with Antenna Shuffling in Spatial Correlated Frequency Selective MIMO Channels

Liang ZHOU  Masahiko SHIMIZU  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E92-A   No.10   pp.2588-2599
Publication Date: 2009/10/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1587/transfun.E92.A.2588
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Communication Theory and Signals
antenna shuffling,  condition number,  double space time transmit diversity (DSTTD),  linear receivers,  orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM),  

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In this paper, we study low complexity transceiver for double space time transmit diversity (DSTTD) and orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) system with antenna shuffling. Firstly, we propose a novel antenna shuffling method based on the criterion of minimizing the condition number of channel correlation matrix. The condition number is an indicator about the quality of the channel. By selecting the minimum of condition number which has better channel quality, consequently, a linear detector with respect to this new channel may achieve better performance results. A low complexity variant of the condition number calculation is also proposed, and it is shown that this criterion can be reduced to the minimum mean square error (MMSE) based criterion. Furthermore, the weighted soft decision Viterbi decoding is applied to mitigate noise enhancement inherent to zero forcing (ZF) and MMSE linear receivers and improve error rate performance. Next, we propose an algorithm to reduce the amount of feedback by exploiting the fact that the channel frequency responses across OFDM subcarriers are correlated. In the proposed algorithm, subcarriers are clustered in blocks, which are allocated the same shuffling pattern with the largest number of the shuffling patterns in the cluster. This way, the signaling overhead can be reduced in comparison with each subcarrier based feedback. Extensive simulations show that the proposed techniques for DSTTD-OFDM system outperform other existing techniques under both uncorrelated and highly spatial correlated frequency selective MIMO fading channels.