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Full-Index-Embedding Patchwork Algorithm for Audio Watermarking
Hyunho KANG Koutarou YAMAGUCHI Brian KURKOSKI Kazuhiko YAMAGUCHI Kingo KOBAYASHI
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems
Publication Date: 2008/11/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: LETTER
Category: Application Information Security
audio watermarking, patchwork, DWPT (discrete wavelet packet transform), psychoacoustic model,
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For the digital watermarking patchwork algorithm originally given by Bender et al., this paper proposes two improvements applicable to audio watermarking. First, the watermark embedding strength is psychoacoustically adapted, using the Bark frequency scale. Second, whereas previous approaches leave the samples that do not correspond to the data untouched, in this paper, these are modified to reduce the probability of misdetection, a method called full index embedding. In simulations, the proposed combination of these two proposed methods has higher resistance to a variety of attacks than prior algorithms.