A Fully Consistent Hidden Semi-Markov Model-Based Speech Recognition System

Keiichiro OURA  Heiga ZEN  Yoshihiko NANKAKU  Akinobu LEE  Keiichi TOKUDA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E91-D   No.11   pp.2693-2700
Publication Date: 2008/11/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1093/ietisy/e91-d.11.2693
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Speech and Hearing
Keyword: 
speech recognition,  hidden Markov model,  hidden semi-Markov model,  weighted finite-state transducer,  

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Summary: 
In a hidden Markov model (HMM), state duration probabilities decrease exponentially with time, which fails to adequately represent the temporal structure of speech. One of the solutions to this problem is integrating state duration probability distributions explicitly into the HMM. This form is known as a hidden semi-Markov model (HSMM). However, though a number of attempts to use HSMMs in speech recognition systems have been proposed, they are not consistent because various approximations were used in both training and decoding. By avoiding these approximations using a generalized forward-backward algorithm, a context-dependent duration modeling technique and weighted finite-state transducers (WFSTs), we construct a fully consistent HSMM-based speech recognition system. In a speaker-dependent continuous speech recognition experiment, our system achieved about 9.1% relative error reduction over the corresponding HMM-based system.