Divide-by-3 LC Injection Locked Frequency Divider Implemented with 3D Inductors

Sheng-Lyang JANG  Chia-Wei CHANG  Chien-Feng LEE  Jhin-Fang HUANG  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E91-C   No.6   pp.956-962
Publication Date: 2008/06/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1093/ietele/e91-c.6.956
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Electronic Circuits
CMOS,  VCO,  divide-by-3 injection-locked frequ- ency divider,  locking range,  3-dimensional inductor,  

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This paper proposes a wide-locking range divide-by-3 frequency divider employing 3D helical inductors fabricated in the 0.18-µm 1P6M CMOS technology. The divider consists of an nMOS cross-coupled LC oscillator and two injection MOSFETs in series with the cross-coupled NMOSFETs, and the LC resonator is composed of two 3D helical inductors and varactors. The aim of using 3D inductor is to reduce chip size. At the supply voltage of 1.2 V, the divider free-running frequency is tunable from 2.1 GHz to 2.6 GHz, and at the incident power of 0 dBm the locking range is about 2.11 GHz (29.16%), from the incident frequency 5.99 GHz to 8.1 GHz. The core power consumption is 4.56 mW. The die area is 0.6640.831 mm2.