Power-Aware Compiler Controllable Chip Multiprocessor

Hiroaki SHIKANO  Jun SHIRAKO  Yasutaka WADA  Keiji KIMURA  Hironori KASAHARA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E91-C   No.4   pp.432-439
Publication Date: 2008/04/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1093/ietele/e91-c.4.432
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Advanced Technologies in Digital LSIs and Memories)
Category: 
Keyword: 
chip multiprocessor,  parallelizing compiler,  frequency and voltage control,  

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Summary: 
A power-aware compiler controllable chip multiprocessor (CMP) is presented and its performance and power consumption are evaluated with the optimally scheduled advanced multiprocessor (OSCAR) parallelizing compiler. The CMP is equipped with power control registers that change clock frequency and power supply voltage to functional units including processor cores, memories, and an interconnection network. The OSCAR compiler carries out coarse-grain task parallelization of programs and reduces power consumption using architectural power control support and the compiler's power saving scheme. The performance evaluation shows that MPEG-2 encoding on the proposed CMP with four CPUs results in 82.6% power reduction in real-time execution mode with a deadline constraint on its sequential execution time. Furthermore, MP3 encoding on a heterogeneous CMP with four CPUs and four accelerators results in 53.9% power reduction at 21.1-fold speed-up in performance against its sequential execution in the fastest execution mode.