Thermal Gain Variation Compensation Technique Using Thermistor on HPA Module for W-CDMA System

Akira KURIYAMA  Shigehiro YUYAMA  Masami OHNISHI  Hidetoshi MATSUMOTO  Tomonori TANOUE  Isao OHBU  Fuminori MORISAWA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E91-C   No.12   pp.1933-1940
Publication Date: 2008/12/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1093/ietele/e91-c.12.1933
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Microwaves, Millimeter-Waves
Keyword: 
high-power amplifier module,  thermistor,  thermal gain variation,  linearity,  W-CDMA,  

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Summary: 
The thermal gain variation of a high-power amplifier (HPA) module for a wide-band code division multiple access (W-CDMA) system application was reduced to within 1 dB by applying a thermistor to compensate the gain variation. Two techniques for gain variation compensation with respect to temperature were investigated: base bias control according to temperature, and use of a thermistor in a matching network. Experimental comparison of two techniques indicated that the thermistor-based technique was more effective in reducing the gain variation without affecting linearity. A fabricated two-stage HPA module with a thermistor in its input matching network achieved a small gain variation within 1 dB and 5 MHz offset adjacent channel leakage power ratio (first ACLR) below -36 dBc over the temperature range from -10 to +85C, where the first ACLR was measured under a load-mismatched condition with a voltage standing wave ratio (VSWR) of 1.4:1.