Unitary Space Vector Quantization Codebook Design for Precoding MIMO System

Ping WU  Lihua LI  Ping ZHANG  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E91-B   No.9   pp.2917-2924
Publication Date: 2008/09/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1093/ietcom/e91-b.9.2917
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
unitary space vector quantization (USVQ),  multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO),  codebook,  precoding,  

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In a codebook based precoding MIMO system, the precoding codebook significantly determines the system performance. Consequently, it is crucial to design the precoding codebook, which is related to the channel fading, antenna number, spatial correlation etc. So specific channel conditions correspond to respective optimum codebooks. In this paper, in order to obtain the optimum codebooks, a universal unitary space vector quantization (USVQ) codebook design criterion is provided, which can design the optimum codebooks for various fading and spatial correlated channels with arbitrary antenna configurations. Furthermore, the unitary space K-mean (USK) algorithm is also proposed to generate the USVQ codebook, which is iterative and convergent. Simulations show that the capacities of the precoding MIMO schemes using the USVQ codebooks are very close to those of the ideal precoding cases and outperform those of the schemes using the traditional Grassmannian codebooks and the 3GPP LTE DFT (discrete Fourier transform) codebooks.