Reliable Cut-Through Forwarding for Inter-Vehicle Networks

Oyunchimeg SHAGDAR  Mehdad. N. SHIRAZI  Suhua TANG  Ryutaro SUZUKI  Sadao OBANA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E91-B   No.9   pp.2864-2872
Publication Date: 2008/09/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1093/ietcom/e91-b.9.2864
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (IEICE/IEEE Joint Special Section on Autonomous Decentralized Systems Theories and Application Deployments)
Category: Applications
vehicle-to-vehicle networks,  cut-through forwarding,  diversity combining,  CDMA,  

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In inter-vehicle networks, it is required that collision warning messages be distributed over multiple hops with significantly short delay. Cut-through packet forwarding is known to be an effective method to reduce forwarding latency. However, it suffers from the reliability issue, which is especially severe in highly mobile scenario, due to multi-path fading. This paper tries to establish a reliable cut-through forwarding scheme by applying diversity combining method to collision warning messages. By exploiting the nature of the multi-hop forwarding of a broadcast packet in CDMA wireless networks, the diversity combining scheme does not incur any additional communication overhead or delay. The simulation results show that diversity combining schemes, especially Maximal Ratio Combining (MRC), can effectively reduce BER by orders of magnitude.