Multi-Constrained QoS Geographic Routing for Heterogeneous Traffic in Sensor Networks

Muhammad Mahbub ALAM
Choong Seon HONG

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E91-B    No.8    pp.2589-2601
Publication Date: 2008/08/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1093/ietcom/e91-b.8.2589
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Network
sensor network,  multi-constrained QoS,  heterogeneous traffic,  geographic routing,  delay-differentiated packet forwarding,  

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Sensor networks that carry heterogeneous traffics and are responsible for reporting very time-critical important events necessitate an efficient and robust data dissemination framework. Designing such a framework, that can achieve both the reliability and delay guarantee while preserving the energy efficiency, namely multi-constrained QoS (MCQoS), is a challenging problem. Although there have been many research works on QoS routing for sensor networks, to the best of our knowledge, no one addresses the above three service parameters all together. In this paper, we propose a new aggregate routing model and a distributed aggregate routing algorithm (DARA) that implements the model for achieving MCQoS. DARA is designed for multi-sink, multipath and location aware network architecture. We develop probabilistic models for multipath reliability constraint, sojourn time of a packet at an intermediary node and node energy consumption. Delay-differentiated multi-speed packet forwarding and in-node packet scheduling mechanisms are also incorporated with DARA. The results of the simulations demonstrate that DARA effectively improves the reliability, delay guarantee and energy efficiency.