Design and Performance Analysis of Multimedia Pre-Allocation WDMA MAC Protocol for Metro-WDMA Networks

Changho YUN  Kiseon KIM  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E91-B   No.8   pp.2545-2558
Publication Date: 2008/08/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1093/ietcom/e91-b.8.2545
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Network
Keyword: 
media access control (MAC),  multimedia,  optical network,  passive star coupler,  traffic,  wavelength division multiple access (WDMA),  

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Summary: 
This paper proposes the Multimedia Pre-allocation WDMA (MP-WDMA) media access control (MAC) protocol to provide an efficient packet transfer service for metro-wavelength division multiple access (WDMA) networks. MP-WDMA considers three traffic types: constant bit rate (CBR), variable bit rate 1 (VBR1), and VBR2 traffic for a multimedia service as categorized in Multimedia WDMA (M-WDMA) MAC protocol. MP-WDMA is based on pre-allocation WDMA (P-WDMA), but the three traffic types are simultaneously allocated at one time slot, and one of them is selected through low bandwidth control signaling. Namely, a station assigns appropriate priority to input traffic, based on proposed traffic priority rules in MP-WDMA in order to determine the type of traffic. Accordingly, MP-WDMA can reduce station complexity as well as the possibility of idle time slot occurrences, compared with M-WDMA. Additionally, we analytically investigate the channel utilization and channel access delay of MP-WDMA and compare them with those of M-WDMA to find a proper MAC protocol for the networks. As a result, MP-WDMA supports maximally 30% higher channel utilization than M-WDMA regardless of channel and traffic conditions. Furthermore, MP-WDMA reduces the channel access delay of the delay-sensitive VBR2 traffic at the cost of increasing the channel access delay of the delay-insensitive VBR1 traffic. In this regard, MP-WDMA is suitable for the networks in terms of station complexity, channel utilization, and the channel access delay for VBR2 traffic.