Cross-Layer Proportional Fair Scheduling with Packet Length Constraint in Multiuser OFDM Networks

Zhisheng NIU

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E91-B    No.6    pp.1932-1941
Publication Date: 2008/06/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1093/ietcom/e91-b.6.1932
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
proportional fairness,  packet scheduling,  cross-layer design,  packet length,  OFDM,  

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In this paper, we investigate the proportional fair scheduling (PFS) problem for multiuser OFDM systems, considering the impact of packet length. Packet length influences scheduling schemes in a way that each scheduled packet should be ensured to be completely transmitted within the scheduled frames. We formulate the PFS problem as an optimization problem. Based on the observations on the structure of optimal solutions, we propose a heuristic scheduling algorithm that consists of two stages. First, subcarriers are allocated among users without considering the packet length constraint. Then on the second stage, subcarrier readjustment is done in a way that surplus subcarriers from length-satisfied users are released and allocated among length-unsatisfied users. The objective is to provide proportional fairness among users while guaranteeing complete transmission of each scheduled packet. Simulation results show that the proposed scheme has quite close performance to the optimal scheme in terms of Multi-carrier Proportional Fairness Measure (MCPFM), throughput and average packet delay.