A New Blind 2D-RAKE Receiver Based on CMA Criteria for Spread Spectrum Systems Suitable for Software Defined Radio Architecture

Kei TAKAYAMA  Yukihiro KAMIYA  Takeo FUJII  Yasuo SUZUKI  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E91-B   No.6   pp.1906-1913
Publication Date: 2008/06/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1093/ietcom/e91-b.6.1906
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
Keyword: 
spread spectrum,  UWB,  adaptive array antenna,  frequency selective fading,  

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Summary: 
Spread Spectrum (SS) has been widely used for various wireless systems such as cellular systems, wireless local area network (LAN) and so on. Using multiple antennas at the receiver, two-dimensional (2D) RAKE is realized over the time- and the space-domain. However, it should be noted that the 2D-RAKE receiver must detect the bit timing prior to the RAKE combining. In case of deep fading, it is often difficult to detect it due to low signal-to-noise power ratio (SNR). To solve this problem, we propose a new blind 2D-RAKE receiver based on the constant modulus algorithm (CMA). Since it does not need a priori bit timing detection, it is possible to compensate frequency selective fading even in very low SNR environments. The proposed method is particularly suitable for the software defined radio (SDR) architecture. The performance of the proposed method is investigated through computer simulations.