MIMO-OFDM Precoding Technique for Minimizing BER Upper Bound of MLD under Imperfect CSI

Kazuhiko FUKAWA
Hiroshi SUZUKI

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E91-B    No.5    pp.1490-1501
Publication Date: 2008/05/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1093/ietcom/e91-b.5.1490
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
mobile communication,  MIMO-OFDM,  MLD,  MBER criterion,  precoding,  imperfect CSI,  

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This paper proposes a new minimum BER (MBER) criterion precoding method that is robust to imperfect channel state information (CSI) for MIMO-OFDM mobile communications. The proposed MBER precoding aims to minimize BER of the maximum likelihood detection (MLD), on the condition that the transmitter can obtain only imperfect CSI owing to channel estimation and quantization errors of the feedback CSI. The proposed scheme controls its precoding parameters under a transmit power constraint by minimizing an upper bound of BER which is derived from the pairwise error probability and averaged with respect to the CSI error. In contrast with a conventional power allocation MBER precoding method that is also robust to the CSI error, the proposed scheme does not make any assumption on the precoding parameters so as to reduce complexity. Thus, it is expected to outperform the conventional scheme at the cost of higher complexity. Computer simulations demonstrate that the proposed precoding method outperforms a conventional nonrobust MBER precoder and the conventional robust power allocation MBER precoding method when the amount of the CSI error is not considerable.