Performance Models for MPI Collective Communications with Network Contention

Hyacinthe NZIGOU MAMADOU  Takeshi NANRI  Kazuaki MURAKAMI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E91-B    No.4    pp.1015-1024
Publication Date: 2008/04/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1093/ietcom/e91-b.4.1015
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Network
MPI,  collective communications,  performance prediction,  queuing theory,  contention issue,  

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The paper presents a novel approach to estimate the performance of MPI collective communications. Our objective is to help researchers to make appropriate decisions on their message-passing applications. For each collective communication, we attempt to apply LogGP and P-LogP standard point-to-point models. The resulted models are compared with the empirical data in order to identify the most suitable for performance characterization of collective operations. For the communications on large clusters with large size messages, the network contention problem can significantly affect the performance. Hence, to reduce the relative gap between the prediction and the measured runtime, the contention issue is also modeled, by a queuing theory analysis method, and taken in account with the total performance estimation. The experiments performed on a cluster which consists of 64 processors interconnected by Gigabit Ethernet network show encouraging results. For any collective operation, given a number of processors and a range of message sizes, there is at least one model that predicts the performance precisely. We could achieve a gap between the predicted and the measured run-time around 15%. Thus, by handling the contention problem, we could reduce around 80% of the relative gap.