MIMO System with Relative Phase Difference Time-Shift Modulation for Rician Fading Environment

Kenichi KOBAYASHI  Takao SOMEYA  Tomoaki OHTSUKI  Sigit P.W. JAROT  Tsuyoshi KASHIMA  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E91-B    No.2    pp.459-465
Publication Date: 2008/02/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1093/ietcom/e91-b.2.459
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Wireless Communication Technologies
MIMO,  Rician fading,  direct path,  phase difference,  Turbo code,  

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Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) systems that realize high-speed data transmission with multiple antennas at both transmitter and receiver are drawing much attention. In line-of sight (LOS) environments, the performance of MIMO systems depends largely on the difference of the phase difference of direct paths from transmit antennas to each receive antenna. When the phase difference of direct paths are close to each other, the spatial division multiplexing (SDM) channels are not orthogonal to each other so signal detection becomes difficult. In this paper, we propose a MIMO system with relative phase difference time-shift modulation (RPDTM) in Rician fading environments. The proposed scheme transmits independent signals from each antenna at each time slot where the relative phase difference between signal constellations used by transmit antennas varies in a pre-determined pattern. This transmission virtually changes the phase difference of direct paths from transmit antennas to each receive antenna without lowering data rate and without knowledge of the channels. In addition, forward error correction coding (ECC) is applied to exploit the time slots where the receiver can detect the signals easily to improve the detection performance. If there are time slots where the receiver can separate the received signal, the receiver can decode the data by using the time slots and the correlation between data. From the results of computer simulation, we show that MIMO system with RPDTM can achieve the better bit error rate (BER) than the conventional MIMO system. We also show that the MIMO system with RPDTM is effective by about Rician factor K = 10 dB.