Proposal of an A/D Converter Clipping Noise Suppression Technique for High-Sensitivity Carrier-Sensing of Cognitive Radio Transceiver

Tazuko TOMIOKA  Ren SAKATA  Tomoya HORIGUCHI  Takeshi TOMIZAWA  Kaoru INOUE  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E91-B   No.1   pp.119-126
Publication Date: 2008/01/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1093/ietcom/e91-b.1.119
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Cognitive Radio and Spectrum Sharing Technology)
Category: Enabling Technology
Keyword: 
cognitive radio,  carrier-sensing,  analogue-to-digital converter,  clipping,  interpolation,  

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Summary: 
A technique for suppressing the clipping noise of an analogue-to-digital converter (ADC) is proposed to realize a cognitive radio transceiver that offers high sensitivity carrier-sensing. When a large bandwidth cognitive radio transceiver performs carrier-sensing, it must receive a radio wave that includes many primary user transmissions. The radio wave may have high peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR) and clipping noise may be generated. Clipping noise becomes an obstacle to the achievement of high-sensitivity carrier-sensing. In the proposed technique, the original values of the samples clipped by an ADC are estimated by interpolation. Polynomial spline interpolation to the clipped signal is performed in the first step, and then SINC function interpolation is applied to the spline interpolated signal. The performance was evaluated using the signals with various PAPR. It has been found that suppression performance has a dependency on the number of samples clipped at once rather than on PAPR. Although there is an upper limit for the number of samples clipped at once that can be compensated with high accuracy, about 20 dB suppression of clipping noise was achieved with the medium degree of clipping.