A Passive 3D Face Recognition System and Its Performance Evaluation

Akihiro HAYASAKA  Takuma SHIBAHARA  Koichi ITO  Takafumi AOKI  Hiroshi NAKAJIMA  Koji KOBAYASHI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E91-A   No.8   pp.1974-1981
Publication Date: 2008/08/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1093/ietfec/e91-a.8.1974
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Signal Processing)
biometrics,  face recognition,  phase-only correlation,  stereo vision,  3D measurement,  

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This paper proposes a three-dimensional (3D) face recognition system using passive stereo vision. So far, the reported 3D face recognition techniques have used active 3D measurement methods to capture high-quality 3D facial information. However, active methods employ structured illumination (structure projection, phase shift, moire topography, etc.) or laser scanning, which is not desirable in many human recognition applications. Addressing this problem, we propose a face recognition system that uses (i) passive stereo vision to capture 3D facial information and (ii) 3D matching using an ICP (Iterative Closest Point) algorithm with its improvement techniques. Experimental evaluation demonstrates efficient recognition performance of the proposed system compared with an active 3D face recognition system and a passive 3D face recognition system employing the original ICP algorithm.