Theory and Practice of Rate Division in Distributed Video Coding

Peng WANG  Jia WANG  Songyu YU  Yuye PANG  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E91-A   No.7   pp.1806-1811
Publication Date: 2008/07/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1093/ietfec/e91-a.7.1806
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Multimedia Environment Technology
Keyword: 
distributed source coding,  distributed video coding,  side-information frame,  distributed frame,  

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Summary: 
Wyner and Ziv characterized the rate distortion function for lossy source coding with side information at the decoder. It is well known that for the quadratic Gaussian case, the Wyner-Ziv rate-distortion function coincides with the conditional rate-distortion function. In this paper, we extend the problem to the coding of multivariate Gaussian source with multiple Gaussian side information at the decoder. The achievable region is obtained, and it is easily extended to the case that the difference between the source and the side information is multivariate Gaussian, no matter what distributions the source and the side information are. We apply this theoretical model to Distributed Video Coding (DVC) by considering the difference of the Distributed frame (D frame) and the Side-information frame (S frame) to be multivariate Gaussian distributed. This introduces rate allocation problem into DVC, which can be solved by a reverse water-filling method. Simulation results show that around 1.5-2 dB coding gain benefits from the multivariate Gaussian Wyner-Ziv coding model.