Novel SLM Scheme with Low-Complexity for PAPR Reduction in OFDM System

Chua-Yun HSU  Hsin-Chieh CHAO  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E91-A   No.7   pp.1689-1696
Publication Date: 2008/07/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1093/ietfec/e91-a.7.1689
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Digital Signal Processing
Keyword: 
orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM),  peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR) reduction,  selected mapping (SLM),  

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Summary: 
Orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) is an attractive transmission technique for high-bit-rate communication systems. One major drawback of OFDM is the high peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR) of the transmitted signal. This study introduces a low-complexity selected mapping (SLM) OFDM scheme based on discrete Fourier transform (DFT) constellation-shaping. The DFT-based constellation-shaping algorithm applied with conventional SLM scheme usually requires a bank of DFT-shaping matrices to generate low-correlation constellation sequences and a bank of inverse fast Fourier transforms (IFFTs) to generate a set of candidate transmission signals, and this process usually results in high computational complexity. Therefore, a sparse matrix algorithm with low-complexity is proposed to replace the IFFT blocks and the DFT-shaping blocks in the proposed DFT constellation-shaping SLM scheme. By using the proposed sparse matrix, the candidate transmission signal with the lowest PAPR can be achieved with lower complexity than that of the conventional SLM scheme. The complexity analysis of the proposed algorithm shows great an improvement in the reduction of the number of multiplications. Moreover, this new low-complexity technique offers a PAPR that is significantly lower than that of the conventional SLM without any loss in terms of energy and spectral efficiency.