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Collision Resistance of Double-Block-Length Hash Function against Free-Start Attack
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences
Publication Date: 2008/01/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Cryptography and Information Security)
Category: Hash Functions
double-block-length hash function, random oracle model, ideal cipher model, collision resistance, free-start collision attack,
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In this article, we discuss the security of double-block-length (DBL) hash functions against the free-start collision attack. We focus on the DBL hash functions composed of compression functions of the form F(x) = (f(x), f(p(x))), where f is a smaller compression function and p is a permutation. We first show, in the random oracle model, that a significantly good upper bound can be obtained on the success probability of the free-start collision attack with sufficient conditions on p and the set of initial values. We also show that a similar upper bound can be obtained in the ideal cipher model if f is composed of a block cipher.