Improved Collision Search for Hash Functions: New Advanced Message Modification

Yusuke NAITO  Kazuo OHTA  Noboru KUNIHIRO  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E91-A    No.1    pp.46-54
Publication Date: 2008/01/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1093/ietfec/e91-a.1.46
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Cryptography and Information Security)
Category: Hash Functions
Keyword: 
hash function,  collision attack,  collision search,  advanced message modification,  

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Summary: 
In this paper, we discuss the collision search for hash functions, mainly in terms of their advanced message modification. The advanced message modification is a collision search tool based on Wang et al.'s attacks. Two advanced message modifications have previously been proposed: cancel modification for MD4 and MD5, and propagation modification for SHA-0. In this paper, we propose a new concept of advanced message modification, submarine modification. As a concrete example combining the ideas underlying these modifications, we apply submarine modification to the collision search for SHA-0. As a result, we show that this can reduce the collision search attack complexity from 239 to 236 SHA-0 compression operations.