Anonymous Identity Based Encryption with Plaintext Awareness in the Two Identities Setting

Changlu LIN  Yong LI  Qiupu ZHANG  Dingfeng YE  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E91-A   No.12   pp.3828-3832
Publication Date: 2008/12/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1093/ietfec/e91-a.12.3828
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: LETTER
Category: Cryptography and Information Security
Keyword: 
anonymity,  identity based encryption,  random oracle model,  

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Summary: 
An anonymous identity based encryption (anonymous IBE) scheme requires that an adversary can not determine the identity of the recipient from a ciphertext encrypted by the corresponding public key. The anonymity was formalized in previous works [1],[13], and this can be considered under chosen plaintext attack and adaptive chosen ciphertext attack, yielding two notions of security, ID-II-CPA and ID-II-CCA, where II denotes "indistinguishability of identities." However, how to obtain an ID-II-CCA secure anonymous IBE in the random oracle model is still a challenging problem. We firstly propose a new notion of plaintext awareness in the two identities setting, called PATI. Secondly, we prove that the IBE scheme is ID-II-CCA secure if it is PATI secure. Finally, we propose the first generic conversion for anonymous IBE from ID-II-CPA to ID-II-CCA in the random oracle model.