Robust Detection Algorithm for Spread Spectrum Audio Watermarking

Lili LI  Xiangzhong FANG  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E91-A   No.11   pp.3389-3392
Publication Date: 2008/11/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1093/ietfec/e91-a.11.3389
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: LETTER
Category: Cryptography and Information Security
Keyword: 
audio watermarking,  spread spectrum technique,  correlation detection,  

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Summary: 
In this letter we propose a robust detection algorithm for audio watermarking for copyright protection. The watermark is embedded in the time domain of an audio signal by the normally used spread spectrum technique. The scheme of detection is an improvement of the conventional correlation detector. A high-pass filter is applied along with the linear prediction error filter for whitening the audio signal and an adaptive threshold is chosen for decision comparing. Experimental results show that our detection algorithm outperforms the conventional one not only because it improves the robustness to normal attacks but also because it can provide the robustness to time-invariant pitch-scale modification.