A Multiple-Mask Operation Compatible with IEEE 802.15.4a Non-coherent UWB Ranging Systems

Woon-Yong PARK  Sungsoo CHOI  Won-Cheol LEE  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E91-A   No.10   pp.3067-3070
Publication Date: 2008/10/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1093/ietfec/e91-a.10.3067
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: LETTER
Category: Digital Signal Processing
Keyword: 
UWB ranging,  TOA estimation,  non-coherent receiver,  SOP,  ternary sequence,  

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Summary: 
During the execution of precise ranging in the time domain, the most important fact to consider is how to achieve an accurate estimate of the time corresponding to first arrival of the transmitter. However, it is difficult to extract an estimate of the time-of-arrival (TOA) through use of a simple correlator due to degradation on correlation, and in the case where the pulse repetition interval (PRI) is less than the maximum excess delay (MED). In order to enhance the correlation capability, this paper proposes a TOA estimation method that obeys a threshold predetermined in a non-coherent system using multiple-mask operation (MMO). The performance of the proposed scheme is verified by conducting simulations under two different types of channel situations. The simulation results show that the proposed scheme performs well even in a dense indoor multipath environment and with the existence of multiple simultaneously operating piconets (SOPs).