Azimuthal and Elevation Localization Using Inter-Channel Phase and Level Differences for a Hemispheric Object

Yoshifumi CHISAKI  Toshimichi TAKADA  Masahiro NAGANISHI  Tsuyoshi USAGAWA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E91-A   No.10   pp.3059-3062
Publication Date: 2008/10/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1093/ietfec/e91-a.10.3059
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: LETTER
Category: Engineering Acoustics
Keyword: 
sound source localization,  hemispheric object,  security camera,  frequency domain binaural model,  

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Summary: 
The frequency domain binaural model (FDBM) has been previously proposed to localize multiple sound sources. Since the method requires only two input signals and uses interaural phase and level differences caused by the diffraction generated by the head, flexibility in application is very high when the head is considered as an object. When an object is symmetric with respect to the two microphones, the performance of sound source localization is degraded, as a human being has front-back confusion due to the symmetry in a median plane. This paper proposes to reduce the degradation of performance on sound source localization by a combination of the microphone pair outputs using the FDBM. The proposed method is evaluated by applying to a security camera system, and the results showed performance improvement in sound source localization because of reducing the number of cones of confusion.