Seven New Block Cipher Structures with Provable Security against Differential Cryptanalysis

Jongsung KIM  Changhoon LEE  Jaechul SUNG  Seokhie HONG  Sangjin LEE  Jongin LIM  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Fundamentals of Electronics, Communications and Computer Sciences   Vol.E91-A   No.10   pp.3047-3058
Publication Date: 2008/10/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1337
DOI: 10.1093/ietfec/e91-a.10.3047
Print ISSN: 0916-8508
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Cryptography and Information Security
provable security,  differential cryptanalysis,  linear cryptanalysis,  Feistel,  CLEFIA,  MISTY,  

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The design and analysis of block ciphers is an established field of study which has seen significant progress since the early 1990s. Nevertheless, what remains on an interesting direction to explore in this area is to design block ciphers with provable security against powerful known attacks such as differential and linear cryptanalysis. In this paper we introduce seven new block cipher structures, named Feistel-variant A, B, CLEFIA and MISTY-FO-variant A, B, C, D structures, and show that these structures are provably resistant against differential cryptanalysis. The main results of this paper are that the average differential probabilities over at least 2 rounds of Feistel-variant A structure and 1 round of Feistel-variant B structure are both upperbounded by p2, while the average differential probabilities over at least 5 rounds of CLEFIA, MISTY-FO-variant A, B, C and D structures are upperbounded by p4+2p5, p4, p4, 2p4 and 2p4, respectively, if the maximum differential probability of a round F function is p. We also give provable security for the Feistel-variant A, B and CLEFIA structures against linear cryptanalysis. Our results are attained under the assumption that all of components in our proposed structures are bijective. We expect that our results are useful to design block ciphers with provable security against differential and linear cryptanalysis.