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A Statistical Approach to Error Compensation in Spectral Quantization
Seung Ho CHOI Hong Kook KIM
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems
Publication Date: 2007/09/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: LETTER
Category: Speech and Hearing
speech coding, vector quantization, probabilistic matching, spectral distortion,
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In this paper, we propose a statistical approach to improve the performance of spectral quantization of speech coders. The proposed techniques compensate for the distortion in a decoded line spectrum pair (LSP) vector based on a statistical mapping function between a decoded LSP vector and its corresponding original LSP vector. We first develop two codebook-based probabilistic matching (CBPM) methods by investigating the distribution of LSP vectors. In addition, we propose an iterative procedure for the two CBPMs. Next, the proposed techniques are applied to the predictive vector quantizer (PVQ) used for the IS-641 speech coder. The experimental results show that the proposed techniques reduce average spectral distortion by around 0.064 dB and the percentage of outliers compared with the PVQ without any compensation, resulting in transparent quality of spectral quantization. Finally, the comparison of speech quality using the perceptual evaluation of speech quality (PESQ) measure is performed and it is shown that the IS-641 speech coder employing the proposed techniques has better decoded speech quality than the standard IS-641 speech coder.