Dynamic Task Flow Scheduling for Heterogeneous Distributed Computing: Algorithm and Strategy

Wei SUN  Yuanyuan ZHANG  Yasushi INOGUCHI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E90-D   No.4   pp.736-744
Publication Date: 2007/04/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
DOI: 10.1093/ietisy/e90-d.4.736
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Computer Systems
heterogeneous distributed computing,  task scheduling,  task flow,  genetic algorithm,  scheduling strategy,  

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Heterogeneous distributed computing environments are well suited to meet the fast increasing computational demands. Task scheduling is very important for a heterogeneous distributed system to satisfy the large computational demands of applications. The performance of a scheduler in a heterogeneous distributed system normally has something to do with the dynamic task flow, that is, the scheduler always suffers from the heterogeneity of task sizes and the variety of task arrivals. From the long-term viewpoint it is necessary and possible to improve the performance of the scheduler serving the dynamic task flow. In this paper we propose a task scheduling method including a scheduling strategy which adapts to the dynamic task flow and a genetic algorithm which can achieve the short completion time of a batch of tasks. The strategy and the genetic algorithm work with each other to enhance the scheduler's efficiency and performance. We simulated a task flow with enough tasks, the scheduler with our strategy and algorithm, and the schedulers with other strategies and algorithms. We also simulated a complex scenario including the variant arrival rate of tasks and the heterogeneous computational nodes. The simulation results show that our scheduler achieves much better scheduling results than the others, in terms of the average waiting time, the average response time, and the finish time of all tasks.