Geometrical, Physical and Text/Symbol Analysis Based Approach of Traffic Sign Detection System

Yangxing LIU  Takeshi IKENAGA  Satoshi GOTO  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems   Vol.E90-D   No.1   pp.208-216
Publication Date: 2007/01/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1361
Print ISSN: 0916-8532
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Advanced Image Technology)
traffic sign detection,  geometrical analysis,  physical analysis,  text detection,  

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Traffic sign detection is a valuable part of future driver support system. In this paper, we present a novel framework to accurately detect traffic signs from a single color image by analyzing geometrical, physical and text/symbol features of traffic signs. First, we utilize an elaborate edge detection algorithm to extract edge map and accurate edge pixel gradient information. Then, we extract 2-D geometric primitives (circles, ellipses, rectangles and triangles) efficiently from image edge map. Third, the candidate traffic sign regions are selected by analyzing the intrinsic color features, which are invariant to different illumination conditions, of each region circumvented by geometric primitives. Finally, a text and symbol detection algorithm is introduced to classify true traffic signs. Experimental results demonstrated the capabilities of our algorithm to detect traffic signs with respect to different size, shape, color and illumination conditions.