An Alternating-Phase Fed Single-Layer Slotted Waveguide Array with a Sector Shaped Beam for Millimeter-Wave Radar Applications

Yuichi KIMURA  Atsuo SENGA  Masayoshi SAKAI  Misao HANEISHI  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E90-C   No.9   pp.1801-1806
Publication Date: 2007/09/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1093/ietele/e90-c.9.1801
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Microwave and Millimeter-Wave Technology)
Category: Antennas/Systems
Keyword: 
alternating-phase,  slotted waveguide array,  sector shaped beam,  millimeter wave,  planar antenna,  

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Summary: 
This paper presents design of an alternating-phase fed single-layer slotted waveguide array for a sector shaped beam in the E-plane radiation pattern. A sector beam pattern is very effective for radar applications for detecting obstacles in a certain angular range without mechanical or electronic scanning. The sector shaped beam with 13 degree beam width is synthesized by a cascade of T-junctions in the feed waveguide which excite the radiating waveguides with a longitudinal shunt slot array. In order to realize the required excitation distribution of the radiating waveguides for the sector shaped beam, 30 T-junctions with symmetrical arrangement are designed by tuning a width of the coupling window, an offset of the window, and a width of the feed waveguide cascaded to the subsequent T-junction, respectively. Design and measurement are performed in 60 GHz band. The prototype antenna assembles easily; the slotted plate is just tacked on the groove feed structure and is fixed by screws at the periphery, which is the key advantage of the alternating-phase fed arrays. The measured sector pattern with low sidelobe level agrees well with the predicted one. Validity of the sector beam design as well as the performance of the alternating-phase fed array is confirmed by the measurement.