An Ultra-Wideband (UWB) Bandpass Filter Using Broadside-Coupled Structure and Lumped-Capacitor-Loaded Shunt Stub Resonators

Keren LI  Yasuhisa YAMAMOTO  Daisuke KURITA  Osamu HASHIMOTO  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E90-C   No.9   pp.1736-1742
Publication Date: 2007/09/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1093/ietele/e90-c.9.1736
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on Microwave and Millimeter-Wave Technology)
Category: Passive Devices/Circuits
Keyword: 
UWB,  bandpass filter,  broadside-coupled,  shunt stub,  attenuation pole,  chip capacitor,  

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Summary: 
This paper presents an ultra-wideband (UWB) bandpass filter using a combination of broadside-coupled structure and lumped-capacitor-loaded shunt stub resonator. The broadside-coupled microstrip-to-coplanar waveguide structure provides an ultra-wide bandpass filtering operation and keeps a good stopband at lower frequencies from DC at the same time. The lumped-capacitor-loaded shunt stub resonator creates two transmission zeros (attenuation poles which can be located at the outsides of the two bandedges of the UWB bandpass filter to improve the out-band performance by selecting a suitable combination of the length of the shunt stubs and the capacitance of the loaded chip capacitors. The filter was designed based on electromagnetic simulation for broadside-coupled structure, microwave circuit simulation and experiments for determining the transmission zeros. The filter was fabricated on a one-layer dielectric substrate. The measured results demonstrated that the developed UWB bandpass filter has good performance: low insertion loss about 0.46 dB and low group delay about 0.26 ns at the center of the passband and very flat over the whole passband, and less than -10 dB reflection over the passband. The implemented transmission zeros, particularly at the low frequency end, dramatically improved the out-band performance, leading the filter satisfy the FCC's spectrum mask not only for indoor but also for outdoor applications. These poles improved also the skirt performance at both bandedges of the filter. A lowpass filter has been also introduced and integrated with the proposed bandpass filter to have a further improvement of the out-band performance at the high frequency end. The filters integrated with lowpass section exhibit excellent filter performance: almost satisfying the FCC's spectrum mask from DC to 18 GHz. The developed UWB bandpass filter has a compact size of 4 cm1.5 cm, or 4.8 cm1.5 cm with lowpass section implemented.