Ultra-Wideband, Differential-Mode Bandpass Filters with Four Coupled Lines Embedded in Self-Complementary Antennas

Akira SAITOU  Kyoung-Pyo AHN  Hajime AOKI  Kazuhiko HONJO  Koichi WATANABE  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E90-C    No.7    pp.1524-1532
Publication Date: 2007/07/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1093/ietele/e90-c.7.1524
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Electronic Circuits
differential mode,  antennas,  band-pass filters,  notch filters,  low-pass filters,  impedance transformer,  

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A design method for an ultra-wideband bandpass filter (BPF) with four coupled lines has been developed. For demonstration purposes, 50 Ω-matched self-complementary antennas integrated with the ultra-wideband, differential-mode BPF with four coupled lines, a notch filter, and a low-pass filter (LPF) were prepared and tested. An optimized structure for a single-stage, broadside-coupled and edge-coupled four-lines BPF was shown to exhibit up to 170% fractional bandwidth and an impedance transformation ratio of 1.2 with little bandwidth reduction, both analytically and experimentally. Using the optimized structure, 6-stage BPFs were designed to transform the self-complementary antenna's constant input impedance (60πεe- 1/2(Ω)) to 50 Ω without degrading bandwidth. In addition, two types of filter variations--a LPF-embedded BPF and a notch filter-embedded BPF--were designed and fabricated. The measured insertion loss of both filter systems was less than 2.6 dB over the ultra-wideband (UWB) band from 3.1 GHz to 10.6 GHz. The filter systems were embedded in the wideband self-complementary antennas to reject unnecessary radiation over the next pass band and 5-GHz wireless LAN band.