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High Index Contrast Optical Waveguides and Their Applications to Microring Filter Circuit and Wavelength Selective Switch
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics
Publication Date: 2007/05/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: INVITED PAPER (Special Section on Recent Advances in Integrated Photonic Devices)
high index contrast, microring resonator, wavelength selective switch, thermo-optic effect, Vernier effect, optical cross connect,
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Utilizing the small bending radius of high index contrast optical waveguides, ultra-compact optical devices such as waveguide branch, Mach-Zehnder interferometer, arrayed waveguide grating filter, microring resonator filter, and so on can be realized. We have proposed and demonstrated a vertically coupled microring resonator as an Add/Drop filter, and recently realized a hitless wavelength channel selective switch (hitless tunable Add/Drop filter) using Thermo-Optic (TO) effect of double series coupled dielectric microring resonator. Using a high-index dielectric material as the core, the response time was reduced to 105 µs (rise time) and 15 µs (fall time), which are fifteen-fold and hundred-fold faster than that of polymer material, and the reproducibility by the heat cycle test was also improved to less than 0.01 nm. The tuning range of wavelength selective switch was expanded to 13.3 nm using the Vernier effect, and a large extinction ratio of more than 20 dB was realized. In this review, the principle and recent progress of microring resonator based wavelength selective switch will be introduced and some basic switching circuits required to optical cross connect will be discussed.