Synthesis of 1-Input 3-Output Lattice-Form Optical Delay-Line Circuit

Shafiul AZAM  Takashi YASUI  Kaname JINGUJI  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Electronics   Vol.E90-C   No.1   pp.149-156
Publication Date: 2007/01/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1353
DOI: 10.1093/ietele/e90-c.1.149
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Optoelectronics
Keyword: 
optical delay-line circuit,  optical filter,  FIR,  directional coupler,  phase shifter,  

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Summary: 
This paper presents a method for synthesizing a coherent 1-input 3-output optical delay-line circuit with N stages that is composed of 2(N + 1) directional couplers, N optical delay-lines, 2(N + 1) phase shifters and one external phase shifter with phase value φc . The path difference is equal to the delay time difference Δτ. Synthesis algorithm is based on the division of the transfer matrix into basic component transfer matrices and factorization is completed by repeated size-reduction. A set of recursion equations are also defined to obtain the unknown circuit parameters. In the developed method, it is shown that (13) optical delay-line circuit has the same transmission characteristics as finite impulse response (FIR) digital filters with complex expansion coefficients. Band-pass flat group delay type filter is considered as an example in this paper. It is also confirmed that developed (13) optical delay-line circuit can realize 100% power transmittance.