Performance Evaluation of Inter-Vehicle Packet Relay for Road-Vehicle Communication in Fast Mobile Environment

Takayuki YAMADA  Ryoichi SHINKUMA  Tatsuro TAKAHASHI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E90-B    No.9    pp.2552-2561
Publication Date: 2007/09/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1093/ietcom/e90-b.9.2552
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Terrestrial Radio Communications
road-vehicle communication,  inter-vehicle communication,  relative mobile speed,  propagation model,  performance evaluation,  

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In conventional road-vehicle communication systems, user terminals in the vehicles have to directly connect to wireless access points (APs). However, vehicle speeds are so fast that the channel condition between the terminals and the APs constantly changes because of changing path loss and time-varying fading. In this paper, to compensate for such deterioration, we propose to reduce the relative speed between the terminals and the APs by an inter-vehicle packet relay technique. If a terminal can send data via other vehicles running at lower speeds, the relative speed will decrease, which suppresses the dynamic range of path loss and deterioration by fading. We, first, validate our method by a numerical analysis using a statistical path-loss model. The numerical analysis verifies that our method is able to suppress deterioration caused by path loss and time-varying fading. However, in the numerical analysis, geometric propagation of paths is not considered; instantaneous and rapid loss changes are not considered. Therefore, we evaluate our method by computer simulations using a geometric propagation model. In the simulations, phase difference between multiple paths and loss fluctuation within one frame duration affect the performance. From the results of the simulations, we validate our method. Furthermore, we investigate the combination of our method and the selection diversity technique, which can suppress channel fluctuation and may enhance the performance of our method. Moreover, we measure interference in the overlapped zone between two AP areas. From the measurement, we show that our packet relays do not cause a problem in interference between areas.