Comparisons of Simulated and Measured Electric Field Distributions in a Cabin of a Simplified Scale Car Model

Satoru HORIUCHI  Kunihiko YAMADA  Shingo TANAKA  Yoshihide YAMADA  Naobumi MICHISHITA  

Publication
IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E90-B   No.9   pp.2408-2415
Publication Date: 2007/09/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1093/ietcom/e90-b.9.2408
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on 2006 International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation)
Category: Measurements
Keyword: 
electromagnetic simulation of a car,  method of moment,  multilevel fast multipole method,  optical electric field probe,  3D standing waves shapes in a car,  

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Summary: 
The electric fields inside and outside a car must be carefully determined when designing a wireless communication system to be employed in the car. This paper introduces an effective simulation method and a precise measurement method of electric field distributions in a cabin of a simplified scale car model. A 1/3 car model is employed for ease of measurement. The scaled frequency of 2859 MHz, 3 times 953 MHz, is employed. The use of a moment method simulator utilizing the multilevel fast multipole method allows calculations to be performed on a personal computer. In order to judge the accuracy of simulation results, convergence of simulation output in accordance with segment size (triangle edge length) changes is ensured. Simulation loads in the case of metallic body only and a metallic body with window glass are also shown. In the measurements, an optical electric field probe is employed so as to minimize the disturbances that would otherwise be caused by metallic feed cable; precise measurement results are obtained. Comparisons of measured and simulated results demonstrate very good agreement which confirms the accuracy of the calculated results. 3-dimensional electric field distributions in the car model are shown and 3-dimensional standing wave shapes are clarified. Moreover, calculated and measured radiation patterns of the car model are shown so the total electric field distributions around a car are clarified.