3-D Angular Spectrum Measurements at 5 GHz in a Residential Two-Story House

Hiroshi IWAI  Tsutomu SAKATA  Atsushi YAMAMOTO  Kei SAKAGUCHI  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E90-B   No.9   pp.2344-2351
Publication Date: 2007/09/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1093/ietcom/e90-b.9.2344
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: Special Section PAPER (Special Section on 2006 International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation)
Category: Propagation
3-D angular spectrum,  residential house,  propagation,  MIMO,  channel capacity,  

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This paper presents an investigation of radio-wave propagation characteristics in the 5 GHz band in a residential two-story house. We investigated the 3-D angular spectra of incident waves when a transmitter and a receiver were situated on the first and second floors, respectively. First of all, correlation in the measured "home environment" containing furniture such as beds, a sofa and tables was determined to confirm a quasi-static environment. Then, 3-D angular spectra measurements were performed by using an eight-element Yagi-Uda antenna as a receiving antenna. Furthermore, the 4-by-4 MIMO channel capacity at each elevation angle was estimated by using elevation angular spectra and the propagation characteristics between the first and second floors were evaluated. The results indicated that the channel capacity in the elevation direction was strongly influenced by the direction of the transmitting antenna.