Construction of 16-QAM and 64-QAM OFDM Codes with Low PAPR and Large Euclidean Distance

Houshou CHEN  Hsinying LIANG  

IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Communications   Vol.E90-B   No.8   pp.1988-1996
Publication Date: 2007/08/01
Online ISSN: 1745-1345
DOI: 10.1093/ietcom/e90-b.8.1988
Print ISSN: 0916-8516
Type of Manuscript: PAPER
Category: Fundamental Theories for Communications
OFDM,  PAPR,  BCM,  Golay complementary sequences,  Reed-Muller codes,  squared Euclidean distance,  

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This paper considers reduction of the peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR) of M-quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) signals in orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) systems. It is known that a 16-QAM or 64-QAM constellation can be written as the vector sum of two or three QPSK constellations respectively. We can then use the Golay complementary sequences over Z4 to construct 16-QAM or 64-QAM OFDM sequences with low PAPR. In this paper, we further examine the squared Euclidean distance of these M-QAM sequences and their variations. Our goal here is to combine the block coded modulation (BCM) and Golay complementary sequences to trade off the PAPR, the code rate, and the squared Euclidean distance of M-QAM OFDM signals. In particular, some 16-QAM and 64-QAM OFDM sequences with low PAPR and large squared Euclidean distance are presented.